Manuscript Submission Guideline
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described is original and has not been published before or has not been considered for publication anywhere else. The publication of the submitted manuscript has been approved by all co-authors, if any, and by the responsible authorities where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any legal issues such as claims for compensation etc.
Manuscript should be submitted either in British or American English, but with consistency in either case. Publisher is not responsible for ensuring the language quality of the manuscript.
Spaces of 1.5 should be maintained through the manuscript.
Original research article (3,000 – 5,000 words)
Manuscript with a focus on themes such as environmental conservation, natural resources management and rural development covering specific areas of agriculture, animal science, forestry, wildlife science, and nature conservation, which are likely to be of interest to a wide range of scholars will be given priority. Manuscript should have Title page followed by Abstract, Keywords, Main body, Acknowledgement and References. The main body of the manuscript should include the Introduction (theoretical framework or appropriate context of the study, research question, purpose etc.), Materials and Method, Results and Discussion, and Conclusion.
Short communication (1,500 – 3,000 words)
Original article containing less than 3,000 words may be submitted as a Short Communication. The word count should include all parts of the article (title, abstract, keywords, body of the text, figures, tables and references including authors’ affiliation).
Review article (3,000 – 5,000 words)
Articles which include book reviews and commentaries, indicating outstanding issues to be addressed and directions for future works pertaining to issues under discussion may be submitted as review article.
The title page should include name(s) of author(s), a concise and informative title, affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s) and valid e-mail(s) of the corresponding author. Title should be in bold.
The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references and should contain 150 to 250 words. Abstract should be indented by 0.2 inch on the Left and Right margins, and centre justified. The abstract should be preferably written in a paragraph. Latin name(s), if any, should be italicised.
Keywords should be 4 to 6 words alphabetically arranged.
Manuscript should be submitted in Word compatible format. Title should be in bold. Use of font should be normal (12 – point Times New Roman with 1.5 line spacing). Page numbering should be automatic.
Headings should be in bold and subheadings in italics and levels of sub-headings should not be more than two levels.
Abbreviations should be accompanied by expanded words at first instance and used consistently thereafter.
All paragraphs, except those immediately below the headings and sub-headings, should start with 0.2 point indent. Do not keep space between paragraphs. All paragraphs should be centre justified. However, there should be space before and after each heading and before sub-heading.
All sides (top, left, bottom, and right) should have a normal margin of 1 inch.
Latin and vernacular names
All Latin names of species should be in italics and follow scientific rules. When used for the first instance, Latin name should be supported by Authority. Vernacular names also should be italicised when used for the first time.
Acknowledgement of people, grants, funds, etc. (if any), should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. Names of funding organizations should be written in full.
Citation: For three or more authors, citation should be abbreviated with use of et al., e.g. (Nidup et al., 2005) or alternately based on sentence construction as Nidup et al. (2005). Citations for authors up to two should include the names of authors, e.g. Nidup and Dorji (2005) or alternately as (Nidup and Dorji, 2005). In case of more papers by same authors in a year, use suffixed alphabets, e.g. (Nidup et al., 2005a; 2005b) or alternately as Nidup et al. (2005a; 2005b).
Quotes: Short quotes less than 40 words should be cited with “double quotation” marks. Long quotes (40 or more words) should be indented 0.2 inch on Left and Right margins with double quotation marks, followed by citation and page number(s) at the end.
Referencing: References should be arranged in chronological and alphabetical orders. Depending on types of sources, following styles of referencing should be followed. Only those materials cited in the text should be included in the References.
Periodicals (Journals, Newspapers, Bulletin, and Magazines): Gyaltshen, D., Wangda, P., and Suberi, B. (2014). Structure and Composition of the Natural Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertner f.) Forest, Gomtu, Bhutan, BJNRD, 1(1): 1-10. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17102/cnr.2014.01,.
Book: Day, R.A. and Gatshel, B. (2006). How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, 6th edn. Cambridge University Press, UK.
Edited book: Glander, K.E. (2013). Darting, Anesthesia, and Handling. In Primate Ecology and Conservation, eds. E.J. Sterling, N. Bynum, and M.E. Blair, pp.27-39. Oxford University Press, UK.
Government documents, proceedings, and theses: RGOB. (2012). Renewable Natural Research Policy of Bhutan. Council for Renewable Natural Resources Research of Bhutan, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests. Kuensel, Bhutan.
Captions of tables should be on top of the tables and should be referred in the text as Table 1, Table 2 etc. Tables should be less than five inches wide and eight inches long. However, if the table is too long and continues over to the next page, insert the table number and title on every page in which the table appears and insert (Cont…) in parenthesis after the title of the table. All tables should be annexed at the end of the Manuscript with Table numbers and captions.
Captions for all figures should be at the bottom of figures. Figures should be referred in the text as Figure 1, Figure 2 and 3 etc. Figures should be submitted as TIF or JPEG files with at least 300 dpi or higher. Photographs should be included as Figures. Size of photograph should not exceed 1 MB. All figures should be annexed at the end of the Manuscript with Figure numbers and captions.
Whenever figures that are already been published elsewhere must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format prior to the submission of manuscript.
Ethical responsibility of authors
Authors should be responsible for the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Publisher is not responsible for any views expressed by the authors in their manuscript. Authors must:
- Disclose potential conflict of interest,
- Maintain ethics of research involving human participants and or animals,
- Maintain informed consent,
- Make sure that the manuscript has not been submitted to elsewhere for simultaneous publication,
- Make sure that the manuscript is free from plagiarism,
- Make sure that no data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support conclusions,
- Provide the full name(s) of the research funder or the grant number,
- Mention the support from a project sponsor,
- Include multiple affiliations, if any, and
- Declare the intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights).
Manuscript should be submitted to the Publication Editor, Bhutan Journal of Natural Resources and Development at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Authors are encouraged to check other details of manuscript writing from the latest articles available in the website: www.bjnrd.org.